# bash-preexec.sh -- Bash support for ZSH-like 'preexec' and 'precmd' functions.
# https://github.com/rcaloras/bash-preexec
# 'preexec' functions are executed before each interactive command is
# executed, with the interactive command as its argument. The 'precmd'
# function is executed before each prompt is displayed.
# Author: Ryan Caloras (ryan@bashhub.com)
# Forked from Original Author: Glyph Lefkowitz
# V0.3.7

# General Usage:
#  1. Source this file at the end of your bash profile so as not to interfere
#     with anything else that's using PROMPT_COMMAND.
#  2. Add any precmd or preexec functions by appending them to their arrays:
#       e.g.
#       precmd_functions+=(my_precmd_function)
#       precmd_functions+=(some_other_precmd_function)
#       preexec_functions+=(my_preexec_function)
#  3. Consider changing anything using the DEBUG trap or PROMPT_COMMAND
#     to use preexec and precmd instead. Preexisting usages will be
#     preserved, but doing so manually may be less surprising.
#  Note: This module requires two Bash features which you must not otherwise be
#  using: the "DEBUG" trap, and the "PROMPT_COMMAND" variable. If you override
#  either of these after bash-preexec has been installed it will most likely break.

# Avoid duplicate inclusion
if [[ "${__bp_imported:-}" == "defined" ]]; then
    return 0

# Should be available to each precmd and preexec
# functions, should they want it. $? and $_ are available as $? and $_, but
# $PIPESTATUS is available only in a copy, $BP_PIPESTATUS.
# TODO: Figure out how to restore PIPESTATUS before each precmd or preexec
# function.


# Fails if any of the given variables are readonly
# Reference https://stackoverflow.com/a/4441178
__bp_require_not_readonly() {
  for var; do
    if ! ( unset "$var" 2> /dev/null ); then
      echo "bash-preexec requires write access to ${var}" >&2
      return 1

# Remove ignorespace and or replace ignoreboth from HISTCONTROL
# so we can accurately invoke preexec with a command from our
# history even if it starts with a space.
__bp_adjust_histcontrol() {
    local histcontrol
    # Replace ignoreboth with ignoredups
    if [[ "$histcontrol" == *"ignoreboth"* ]]; then
    export HISTCONTROL="$histcontrol"

# This variable describes whether we are currently in "interactive mode";
# i.e. whether this shell has just executed a prompt and is waiting for user
# input.  It documents whether the current command invoked by the trace hook is
# run interactively by the user; it's set immediately after the prompt hook,
# and unset as soon as the trace hook is run.

__bp_trim_whitespace() {
    local var=$@
    var="${var#"${var%%[![:space:]]*}"}"   # remove leading whitespace characters
    var="${var%"${var##*[![:space:]]}"}"   # remove trailing whitespace characters
    echo -n "$var"

# This function is installed as part of the PROMPT_COMMAND;
# It sets a variable to indicate that the prompt was just displayed,
# to allow the DEBUG trap to know that the next command is likely interactive.
__bp_interactive_mode() {

# This function is installed as part of the PROMPT_COMMAND.
# It will invoke any functions defined in the precmd_functions array.
__bp_precmd_invoke_cmd() {
    # Save the returned value from our last command, and from each process in
    # its pipeline. Note: this MUST be the first thing done in this function.
    __bp_last_ret_value="$?" BP_PIPESTATUS=("${PIPESTATUS[@]}")

    # Don't invoke precmds if we are inside an execution of an "original
    # prompt command" by another precmd execution loop. This avoids infinite
    # recursion.
    if (( __bp_inside_precmd > 0 )); then
    local __bp_inside_precmd=1

    # Invoke every function defined in our function array.
    local precmd_function
    for precmd_function in "${precmd_functions[@]}"; do

        # Only execute this function if it actually exists.
        # Test existence of functions with: declare -[Ff]
        if type -t "$precmd_function" 1>/dev/null; then
            __bp_set_ret_value "$__bp_last_ret_value" "$__bp_last_argument_prev_command"
            # Quote our function invocation to prevent issues with IFS

# Sets a return value in $?. We may want to get access to the $? variable in our
# precmd functions. This is available for instance in zsh. We can simulate it in bash
# by setting the value here.
__bp_set_ret_value() {
    return ${1:-}

__bp_in_prompt_command() {

    local prompt_command_array
    IFS=';' read -ra prompt_command_array <<< "$PROMPT_COMMAND"

    local trimmed_arg
    trimmed_arg=$(__bp_trim_whitespace "${1:-}")

    local command
    for command in "${prompt_command_array[@]:-}"; do
        local trimmed_command
        trimmed_command=$(__bp_trim_whitespace "$command")
        # Only execute each function if it actually exists.
        if [[ "$trimmed_command" == "$trimmed_arg" ]]; then
            return 0

    return 1

# This function is installed as the DEBUG trap.  It is invoked before each
# interactive prompt display.  Its purpose is to inspect the current
# environment to attempt to detect if the current command is being invoked
# interactively, and invoke 'preexec' if so.
__bp_preexec_invoke_exec() {
    # Save the contents of $_ so that it can be restored later on.
    # https://stackoverflow.com/questions/40944532/bash-preserve-in-a-debug-trap#40944702
    # Don't invoke preexecs if we are inside of another preexec.
    if (( __bp_inside_preexec > 0 )); then
    local __bp_inside_preexec=1

    # Checks if the file descriptor is not standard out (i.e. '1')
    # __bp_delay_install checks if we're in test. Needed for bats to run.
    # Prevents preexec from being invoked for functions in PS1
    if [[ ! -t 1 && -z "${__bp_delay_install:-}" ]]; then

    if [[ -n "${COMP_LINE:-}" ]]; then
        # We're in the middle of a completer. This obviously can't be
        # an interactively issued command.
    if [[ -z "${__bp_preexec_interactive_mode:-}" ]]; then
        # We're doing something related to displaying the prompt.  Let the
        # prompt set the title instead of me.
        # If we're in a subshell, then the prompt won't be re-displayed to put
        # us back into interactive mode, so let's not set the variable back.
        # In other words, if you have a subshell like
        #   (sleep 1; sleep 2)
        # You want to see the 'sleep 2' as a set_command_title as well.
        if [[ 0 -eq "${BASH_SUBSHELL:-}" ]]; then

    if  __bp_in_prompt_command "${BASH_COMMAND:-}"; then
        # If we're executing something inside our prompt_command then we don't
        # want to call preexec. Bash prior to 3.1 can't detect this at all :/

    local this_command
        export LC_ALL=C
        HISTTIMEFORMAT= builtin history 1 | sed '1 s/^ *[0-9][0-9]*[* ] //'

    # Sanity check to make sure we have something to invoke our function with.
    if [[ -z "$this_command" ]]; then

    # If none of the previous checks have returned out of this function, then
    # the command is in fact interactive and we should invoke the user's
    # preexec functions.

    # Invoke every function defined in our function array.
    local preexec_function
    local preexec_function_ret_value
    local preexec_ret_value=0
    for preexec_function in "${preexec_functions[@]:-}"; do

        # Only execute each function if it actually exists.
        # Test existence of function with: declare -[fF]
        if type -t "$preexec_function" 1>/dev/null; then
            __bp_set_ret_value ${__bp_last_ret_value:-}
            # Quote our function invocation to prevent issues with IFS
            "$preexec_function" "$this_command"
            if [[ "$preexec_function_ret_value" != 0 ]]; then

    # Restore the last argument of the last executed command, and set the return
    # value of the DEBUG trap to be the return code of the last preexec function
    # to return an error.
    # If `extdebug` is enabled a non-zero return value from any preexec function
    # will cause the user's command not to execute.
    # Run `shopt -s extdebug` to enable
    __bp_set_ret_value "$preexec_ret_value" "$__bp_last_argument_prev_command"

__bp_install() {
    # Exit if we already have this installed.
    if [[ "${PROMPT_COMMAND:-}" == *"__bp_precmd_invoke_cmd"* ]]; then
        return 1;

    trap '__bp_preexec_invoke_exec "$_"' DEBUG

    # Preserve any prior DEBUG trap as a preexec function
    local prior_trap=$(sed "s/[^']*'\(.*\)'[^']*/\1/" <<<"${__bp_trap_string:-}")
    unset __bp_trap_string
    if [[ -n "$prior_trap" ]]; then
        eval '__bp_original_debug_trap() {

    # Adjust our HISTCONTROL Variable if needed.

    # Issue #25. Setting debug trap for subshells causes sessions to exit for
    # backgrounded subshell commands (e.g. (pwd)& ). Believe this is a bug in Bash.
    # Disabling this by default. It can be enabled by setting this variable.
    if [[ -n "${__bp_enable_subshells:-}" ]]; then

        # Set so debug trap will work be invoked in subshells.
        set -o functrace > /dev/null 2>&1
        shopt -s extdebug > /dev/null 2>&1

    # Install our hooks in PROMPT_COMMAND to allow our trap to know when we've
    # actually entered something.
    PROMPT_COMMAND="__bp_precmd_invoke_cmd; __bp_interactive_mode"

    # Add two functions to our arrays for convenience
    # of definition.

    # Since this function is invoked via PROMPT_COMMAND, re-execute PC now that it's properly set
    eval "$PROMPT_COMMAND"

# Sets our trap and __bp_install as part of our PROMPT_COMMAND to install
# after our session has started. This allows bash-preexec to be included
# at any point in our bash profile. Ideally we could set our trap inside
# __bp_install, but if a trap already exists it'll only set locally to
# the function.
__bp_install_after_session_init() {

    # Make sure this is bash that's running this and return otherwise.
    if [[ -z "${BASH_VERSION:-}" ]]; then
        return 1;

    # bash-preexec needs to modify these variables in order to work correctly
    # if it can't, just stop the installation
    __bp_require_not_readonly PROMPT_COMMAND HISTCONTROL HISTTIMEFORMAT || return

    # If there's an existing PROMPT_COMMAND capture it and convert it into a function
    # So it is preserved and invoked during precmd.
    if [[ -n "$PROMPT_COMMAND" ]]; then
      eval '__bp_original_prompt_command() {

    # Installation is finalized in PROMPT_COMMAND, which allows us to override the DEBUG
    # trap. __bp_install sets PROMPT_COMMAND to its final value, so these are only
    # invoked once.
    # It's necessary to clear any existing DEBUG trap in order to set it from the install function.
    # Using \n as it's the most universal delimiter of bash commands
    PROMPT_COMMAND=$'\n__bp_trap_string="$(trap -p DEBUG)"\ntrap DEBUG\n__bp_install\n'

# Run our install so long as we're not delaying it.
if [[ -z "$__bp_delay_install" ]]; then